Friday, November 1, 2019

Joseph Black, Civil War Soldier

Posted for Tewalt Cemetery: "Two infant twins daughters were born to J. and M.A. Black. The first died on June 20, 1853, while the other lived 14 days and died on July 4, 1853."

After we listed the above notation,  a reader asked if  J & M A Black might refer to Joseph Black of Co G 11th Missouri, DOD June 3, 1922? He thought Black also might have served in Co H 135 Ill. 

We checked the Civil War files and found the biography of Joseph Black.

BLACK, Joseph A.J. (1842-1922)
11th Missouri Infantry, Company G (Private)
Pension Certificate 452,549

Joseph A.J. Black was born on February 16, 1841, in Boyle County, Kentucky, son of John and Christina Black.  According to 1850 federal census records, Black lived on a farm in Anderson County, Kentucky with his parents and nine siblings.  In about 1851, Black’s family moved to Lawrence County, where his father farmed and operated a sawmill.  After his father’s death in 1855, Black and at least two of his siblings moved with his mother to Lawrenceville, where she worked as a weaver.

Black enlisted on February 20, 1861, in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, and was mustered into Company G of the 11th Missouri Infantry.  Within a month, however, Black became ill, and was sent home for 30 days.  The furlough proved non-curative, as Black spent most of the next four months in various field hospitals in Missouri and Mississippi, suffering with the same debilities.  On October 24, 1962, Black was discharged by reason of chronic diarrhea, enlargement of the heart, and violent angina pectoris.

Two years later, Black tried soldiering again, enlisting on May 14, 1864, with the 135th Illinois Infantry (Company H) for a term of 100 days.  Black is listed as a “wagoner” on the company muster rolls.  Black completed his brief term of service, most of it spent doing guard duty along the Iron Mountain Railroad near Iron Bridge, Missouri.  Black was mustered out of military service on September 28, 1864.

Returning to Lawrence County, Black married Catherine Bathe in 1866.  No children were born of this marriage.  Black farmed and held several public offices, including constable and justice of the peace, in Allison Township.  In 1882, he moved to Lawrenceville and served there as an alderman, town clerk, and justice of the peace.  After the death of his first wife in 1897, Black married Charlotte McHale – this marriage ended in divorce.  In 1908, Black ran as the Democratic candidate for county coroner, and was elected twice to that office.

Black died of tuberculosis on June 3, 1922, in Lawrence County.  He is buried in the Lawrenceville Cemetery.  An obituary appears in the Lawrence County News, June 7, 1922.

We think this Joseph Black was too young to be married and father twin daughters, but we do appreciate the attempt to identify the parents of the twins.  If everyone helps like this, we can tie family members together and provide genealogists with correct information.