In beginning the research necessary for the Illinois Bicentennial next year, I decided to take a look at the 1850 census as it relates to Lawrence County as a whole. Most genealogists know that the 1850 US census is the first one taken wherein names of individuals, ages, occupations and places of birth are provided. But what could it tell us specifically about the county itself? This is what I discovered.
Total whites in Lawrence County (3005 males and 2838 females) -- total 5843
Total (144 free colored males and 134 females)-- total 278
Aggregate of both white and free colored -- 6121
216 babies were born during the year ending June 1, 1850
82 people were married during the year ending June 1, 1850
68 residents died during the year ending June 1, 1850
1057 were the total number of families
42 schools existed
42 teachers were employed
762 boys and 634 girls attended school
3 free colored boys and 7 free colored girls attended school
1406 was the total number of pupils
$1,441 was the annual income needed to support these schools
120 adult males and 144 adult females could not read and write
16 free colored adult males and 26 free colored adult females could not read and write.
206 males and 211 females lived in Lawrenceville for a total of 417, plus 2 black females in the city limits.
656 was the number of farms
26 producing establishments were recorded but not identified
No public library
5 Methodist churches, 2 Presbyterian churches, 1 Catholic Church and 5 others not identified
34,684 acres of farm land were improved and 56,968 were unimproved.
$599,680 was the cash value of all farms
$46,757 was the value of farm implements and machinery
2,496 horses were counted
74 mules were used in farming
2,295 milk cows provided milk for families
235 working oxen were counted
3,270 other cattle were owned by Lawrence County farmers
Should any researcher wish to help with this type of research, please contact a member of the Historical Society. If you are a 'number person' and would like to provide us with ratios of the above numbers, feel free. If you can identify the 13 churches that existed during this period that would be helpful also. Tomorrow we will post more interesting facts about the county in 1850 found in the 1850 census.