Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Doty and Dollahan Invented Grain Cart 1897

JAMES R. DOTY and THOMAS E. DOLLAHAN, of Birds, Lawrence County, Illinois, filed a patent for certain ‘new and useful improvements in grain carts’ on May25, 1897. J. O. REYNOLDS and O. M. HIGHSMITH signed as witnesses on their application. Doty and Dollahan’s invention would provide a cart that could be automatically loaded quickly and readily dumped for depositing the grain at the desired place. The patent was granted October 4, 1898.

The entire application is found at
To load the cart with grain, the cart was moved adjacent to the grain pile. The hand-lever is moved downwardly until the scoop rested on or near the ground. The cart was then moved forward until it was one-third of its length in the grain, when by bearing down upon the handle and at the same time pushing the cart forward the scoop would be automatically filled with grain. The hand-lever was then returned to the rear pole or carrying position.

“For dumping the scoop a yoke shaped frame comprising the arms (23), which are pivoted at their inner ends on opposite sides of the scoop (15) were provided and were connected at their outer ends by the rod (24). These arms were provided with the notches (25) intermediate their ends, which were adapted to engage the axle when the cart was in its normal position. The upper wall of the scoop was elongated at its inner end and curved to form a stop (26), which was adapted to normally rest upon the axle and prevent the downward movement of the rear end of said scoop. When it was desired to dump the scoop, the arms (23) are raised and drawn rearwardly through the medium of the connecting-rod (24) as a handle and the scoop moved to the position illustrated in Fig. 3. By reason of the scoop being pivoted adjacent its upper end and said arms being attached adjacent its opposite end its dumping was readily effected.”

 (Ed Note:  Ok so I got lost on these last instructions….)

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the invention with the body or scoop in a raised position for carrying the grain to the desired place. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the scoop lowered ready for loading. Fig. 3 is a central longitudinal section showing the scoop in position for dumping. Fig. 4 is a bottom plan view.