Monday, February 24, 2020

Side Curtains, Peepholes, Fresh Frogs and a Matrimonial Bureau

Business News 1920  
(Ed Note: The links below provide a history of the buildings around the square.  They are best viewed on your computer as opposed to your phone.)

Lyman L. Busse, whose place of business was on the north side of the square advertised that he sold tires, automobile tops and Ford accessories. He could repair old tops and put new celluloid or plate glass panels in the back and side curtains. He also made harness by hand, and had the biggest stock of harness in the country.  He would oil old harness for 75 cents per double set.

P. B. McCullough was the proprietor of Lawrenceville’s large dry good department store on the north side of the square.  He came from Carmi in 1901. The McCullough “dept” store had an unusual window display in February. Street passengers had to peek through a prepared peephole in the front window to see the exhibit. (Unfortunately, the newspaper did not say what was inside)

Dr. John C. Tanquary, optometrist, formerly with Dr. J. E. Connett, now has offices in Lawrenceville over Thorn’s Drug Store. The stairway is on the west side of the building, near the post office.

A new blacksmith shop opened two doors east of Dale and Sheridan’s Drug Store in Sumner. It was owned by George L. Roberts.

J. D. Horner, F. G. Horner, C. J. Borden and J. E. McGaughey were partners in the Horner Elevator and Mill Co. located in Lawrenceville. 

Marsh and Allen, a restaurant, in the 600 block on the west side of 12th Street, offered Sunday dinners on February 22, 1920. Entrees on the menu included Baked chicken with oyster dressing; Fricassee of chicken; or Roast pork with apple sauce for fifty cents.  Sides included snowflake potatoes, creamed turnips and baked corn.  Desserts were Peach Melba and assorted cakes. Diners could also have their choice of sweet or sour pickles, potato salad, chow chow, tea, coffee, and milk.   For an additional cost one could purchase: celery- 15 cents, green onions- 10 cents, radishes- 10 cents, head lettuce with mayonnaise dressing- 20 cents, home baked pies-10 cents but cherry pie was 20 cents.  They also advertised that they were open till midnight, and served home made chili, donuts that would melt in your mouth, oysters- all kinds- any style, and fresh frogs. (Presumably, they meant frog legs?)

It was also a time when young women were employed. Miss Maude Pepple resigned her position with CIPS and Miss Marian Seed of Bridgeport took her place. Miss Deahn Rice resigned her position at the Lawrenceville Dry Cleaners. Nellie Shinkle clerked in Dr. Montgomery’s office. Miss Ferne Baer, who had been connected with the Lawrence County News for six months had quit to accept a better position.  According to the editor, C. F. Stoll, the hours of the new position were much longer and duties far more arduous, but it seemed to him that most girls were willing to quit an easy job when they had an opportunity to take this other one.  The new position was more stable, as it was not affected by strikes, lockouts and labor troubles, nor did the high cost of living figure into the term of office. Interested parties could get further details by watching the marriage licenses record that would soon appear in his paper.  The editor continued by saying that he assured prospective applicants that an iron- clad contract would be a prime consideration because he was not running a matrimonial bureau.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Monday Night's Program


Joe Herron, Chief Ranger at the George Rogers Clark National Historical Park, will be the guest speaker at the meeting of the Lawrence County Historical Society on Monday, February 24, 7:00 p.m., at the History Center in Lawrenceville.  Herron's program is entitled, "Constructing a Legacy," about the making of the George Rogers Clark Memorial.  Dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 14, 1936, the Memorial is one of the largest monuments built on an American battlefield.  Herron will discuss the architectural design and construction of the Memorial, as well as the story behind its creation.

Herron is a native of Arkansas, and a graduate of the University of Central Arkansas.  His career with the park service spans twenty years, including a ten year stint as a part-time wildland firefighter.  He has been assigned to the Clark Memorial since 2015.

The program is free and open to the public.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

For the Genealogists: Obituaries

Deaths in February, 1920
Ed Note: the obituaries have been summarized and not all have been included in this blog.     

Mrs. Josephine McFarland, 18-year old wife of Ed, died at her home on South 14th Street, Lawrenceville, February 7, 1920, from complications of childbirth six weeks earlier.

On February 8, 1920, Mrs. Aaron Schrader of Lukin, died and funeral services were held at Bethel, Tuesday morning at 10:00.  Aunt Hattie, as she was familiarly known, was survived by her husband, Rev. Aaron Schrader, and two sons, Dr. J. F. Schrader of Bridgeport and Charles of Lukin. She had been unable to walk for 18 months before her death because of severe rheumatism.  The obituary said her body was almost drawn double, and she never laid down.

John Marshall Malone, was stricken with paralysis February 4, and passed away at his home in Bridgeport, February 10.  He was 65 years old.

Mrs. Mary Florence Fuller, aged 63 years, 4 months, and 9 days, died at the home of Wm Allen on 11th Street February 11, 1920.  She lived on South 13th Street and was on her way to the Allen home to attend a birthday supper. Her husband had gone on ahead having an errand or two in route, while she followed at her leisure, until she fell on the street. She was helped into a passing automobile, and was able to tell the driver where to take her, but died a few moments after entering her friend’s home. Coroner Fritz held an inquest, the verdict being that death resulted from acute dilation of the heart caused by over-exertion.  Deceased was the daughter of Rev and Mrs. Stephen White.  Born October 3, 1856, she was married August 12, 1891, to William Fuller. Three children, two of whom died in infancy were born of this union.

Alfred Vandermark died at his home on East State Street February 17, 1920; death was due to kidney and heart complications. Deceased was born in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, February 10, 1838, making his age at death 82 years and one week.  He was one of a family of twelve children, seven sons and five daughters born to James and Susana Vandermark.  Only his sister Mrs. Lydia Seed of Bridgeport survived him.  When he was four years of age, his parents came to Illinois and settled in Lawrence County.  On December 31, 1863, he was united in marriage to Mary Jane Gillespie and to them three daughters were born, Rose Ella, Amanda and Belle, the former dying at the age of five years.  Mr. Vandermark was a leading farmer of Denison township. His wife passed away March 10, 1916. About two years later he bought property on East State Street, in Lawrenceville and moved there with his two daughters.  Since that time his health had gradually failed. The funeral was held in the Lawrenceville Methodist church and in accordance with the wishes of the daughters, the services were identical to those held for their mother, even to the great bank of roses covering the casket. Burial was in the city cemetery.

Mary A McCarty, daughter of Clifford and Maude McCarty, was born June 22, 1903, and died February 13, 1920.  She left a father, two brothers, and four sisters.  Her mother preceded her in death about eight years.  Interment was made in the Pollard Cemetery.

Perry Commodore Crouch, son of McClellan and Rebecka Crouch, was born September 24, 1895, near Nashville, Indiana.  In 1900, with his parents, he moved to Billett, spending his childhood on the farm and attending the district school.  On December 23, 1916, he married Eula Harrell of Billet and to this union one son was born.  Perry died February 10, 1920, at the age of 24 years 5 months and 20 days. Interment was in the Billett Cemetery.

The remains of Richard Bailey were brought to Lawrence County from Anna, Illinois, Saturday February  14, 1920, and buried at White House cemetery.  Deceased was sent to Anna State Hospital several months ago and died Friday from hardening of the arteries.  He was 83 years old.

Louisa Ann (Rummer) Shinn, born November 23, 1855, died February 13, 1920,  at age 64 years, 2 months, and 20 days.  She was born near Beverly, Ohio, and was the daughter of Walter and Jane Rummer.  In October, 1881, she married Lloyd Reynold Shinn and to this marriage, two children were born.  Interment was made in the Derr Cemetery.

The infant son of Jesse Shipley and wife of Billett, died Feb 16 1920.  A funeral was also held for Virl Junior, the child of Mr and Mrs Virl Preston of Petrolia on February 22, 1920, with interment being in the Lawrenceville cemetery. Virl Junior was born May 10, 1919, and died at age 9 months after five weeks of suffering with pneumonia fever.

The death of Jessie Propes, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Mont A. Propes came as a shock to her family and friends as she had just a few days previously, gone to Texas to visit her brother and sister, and was in good health when she started her visit.   She was suddenly taken ill and died just two days later, on February 14, 1920, at age 31.

Friday, February 21, 2020

School, Oil and Agriculture News in February 1920

School News: February 1920
  • Mable Peerman, Geneva Goodman and Mae Osborne, all students at LTHS had the mumps.
  •  If 125 LTHS students signed up to travel to the Olney basketball tournament, a special train could be arranged to take them there and back.
  •  The biology department received an interesting collection from William Davenport, consisting of an eagle’s claw, a shark’s jaw almost a foot wide, a large piece of white coral mounted, and the beak of a saw fish from the Indian Ocean. (Ed Note:  Does the high school still have these?)
  •  The Lawrenceville High School students wrote a column in the ‘20s that was published in the Lawrence County News and the Lawrenceville Republican before the publication of the school newspaper, the Toma-Talk. Class news and school sports were reported. A great deal of gossip also made the news.  For example, it was  noted that Marie Rader, who had quit school, had married George D. Rogers. On February 25, 1920, the student editor reported that students were surprised to learn Thursday morning that Leone Theriac, a freshman, and Paul Seed were married.  The bride was at school Wednesday morning and married Wednesday afternoon. The student editor thought it would have been terrible to have to study on the morning of your wedding.

Oil Industry News: February 1920
  • Standing on the hill north of Pinhook school house, one could see 14 standard oil rigs.
  •  O.M. Stanton who had been working for the Indian Refinery for a number of years, severed his connection with the company and accepted the position of auditor with the A. L. Maxwell Company.

Agriculture News:  February 1920
  • Horse hides could be sold in Sumner for $10.00. 
  • W. E. Johnson and Dr. J. G. McKibbin attended a sale of pure- bred Chester White hogs in Iowa and bought four head of brood sows to use as a foundation for a pure bred herd.  The average price was $453 each. 
  • Star Lumber Co in Lawrenceville sold portable hog houses, a new innovation in hog farming. 
  • From the farm sale bills in the papers one might be able to learn where ancestors lived in the 1920’s.  Hugh Rigall’s farm was 2 ¼ miles east of Chauncey and 3 ¾ miles west of Westport (Charlottsville). Mildred Stivers’ farm was 6 miles southeast of Sumner by the Mt Zion church. (Wm Dowty held his sale there.) Mrs W.B. Davis held her farm sale on the C. E. Gerhart farm, four miles east of Birds. Mrs Eva Crews' farm was located 3 ½ miles northeast of Lawrenceville. John F. Highsmith held his sale at the Amos M. Highsmith farm, 2 ½ miles northeast of Birds and 4 ½ miles southeast of Flat Rock. The Wm Borden farm was two miles east of Lawrenceville, just north of Sand Ridge crossing. Jacob Knepper held his public sale of horse, cows, hogs, and farm equipment at the Mary Orr farm, one half mile northeast of Billet. The Amos Montgomery farm was located 4 miles south of Flat Rock and about 2 miles north of Birds. Frank Pinkstaff held a public sale at his residence 3 ½ miles east of Birds and ½ mile south of the St. Paul church. B. A. Montgomery held an auction on the W. E. Montgomery farm 2 ¼ miles southeast of Birds and 3 1/3 miles northeast of Pinkstaff. Syl Rasico’s sale was held on the Cap Lewis farm known as the old Buchanan place 1 ¾ miles west of Lawrenceville on the state road. W. V. Lackey auctioned off his livestock and farm equipment at his residence on the D. C. Allison farm, 5 miles east of Birds and 3 miles west of Russellville. Ed Suffin held a large sale at the Perry King farm 6 miles northeast of Sumner and 6 miles northwest of Bridgeport.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Accidents Involving Street Cars, Automobiles, Trains, and Roller Skates

Accidents occurring in February 1920
The first accident of a serious nature between the new street cars in Vincennes occurred when Emmet Organ, son of Jess Organ of Allison Prairie, was injured after he drove his Ford touring car directly in front of the approaching street car.  

An automobile containing five people backed off the grade at the Big Four crossing north of Lawrenceville. Three of the occupants escaped injury, but Gilbert Mann and Wm Hillman were not so fortunate.  Mann had an ear almost torn off and Hillman was severely crushed on the right side, his ribs being broken both in front and behind.  It was thought one lung might have been punctured.  Mann was driving the car and attempted to shift gears while making the hill.  The brakes refused to hold and the car backed off the grade.

Harry Harrison jumped from a Big Four train south of the ice plant and was thrown under the wheels of the car.  His right foot was cut and mashed and his left foot was split from heel to toe and four toes cut off.  The injured man was brought to Dr. R.R. Trueblood’s office, but, because Dr. Trueblood had neither hospital or nurse privileges in Lawrenceville, Sheriff Stivers took the wounded man to the Good Samaritan hospital at Vincennes, where the right foot was amputated just above the ankle.  Harrison gave his age as 34 years; his home was Waynesboro, Pennsylvania; and he said he had no relatives.  Claiming to be an ex-service man, he said he came down on the Big Four RR from Danville and expected to catch a B&O freight for St. Louis.  

Ira E, the 10- year son of Arthur and Jessie Ridgley Gray of Terre Haute was killed in that city February 19, 1920. The boy was on his way home from school about 4 o’clock and was hanging behind a coal wagon on his roller skates.  Finding the progress of the coal wagon too slow, he stepped out directly in front of an approaching truck.  His neck was broken and death resulted instantly.  Mrs. Chas Bunyan and Leslie Gray went to Terre Haute, and accompanied the parents and remains to the home of the grandfather, George Gray of Lawrenceville.  The boy was born in Petty township and about five years previously, his parents moved to a farm south of Terre Haute.  Five weeks later, Mr. Gray bought a grocery store in Terre Haute and the family moved to that city. In an interesting twist of events, the same man who had moved the family to the city, drove the truck that killed the little boy.  The deceased was survived by his parents and a twin brother.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Architectural Drawings of old LTHS Building

These lines drawings of the old Lawrenceville Township High School were found in a 1914-1915 school pamphlet. After the previous building was struck by lightning on April 1, 1914, this school was built.  The architect was Louis H Osterhage and the building contractor was Harbaugh & Naugle.  With its brick and stone exterior and red tile roof, the assembly inside would seat 350. The Gymnasium was 70 x 50  x 16 1/2 feet and had a gallery in which 300 spectators could sit in comfort.  On the first floor were the Principal's office, library, six class rooms, two cloak rooms and two bathrooms.  On the upper floor were three laboratories for Physics, Chemistry and Biology, three more classrooms, a music room and two commercial business rooms.  The basement housed more bathrooms, locker and shower rooms, the agriculture room, the  manual training rooms  and a suite of rooms for the Household  Arts consisting of kitchen, dining and sewing rooms. 

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Received Carnegie Medal for Heroism

Tom Boyer received $1000 for rescuing Charles Morris at the Refinery in 1915. Boyer was working as a gasoline filler, filling a railway tank with gasoline.  A short distance away two repair men were making repairs inside a tank car that was empty but in which the gasoline fumes were still strong. They worked in turns, one man working in the car for two minutes, while the other stayed on top, then changing places.  For some reason,  Charles Morris, failed to come up at the end of his two minutes and the man on top became frightened and ran crying for help.

Boyer, who was several cars away heard the call and ran to the car. There he saw Morris lying unconscious at the bottom of the tank; Boyer grabbed a rope, tied it to the dome, shouted for help and lowered himself into the gas-filled tank. Morris was lying partly under the heating pipes and cross brace at the bottom of the tank and onto these rods he had a death grip.  His fingers grasped the rods so tightly that when Boyer raised one, the finger would snap back into place.  Boyer tied the rope about Morris but while attempting to pull him loose from the rods, other workmen came running to help and began pulling without waiting for a signal from Boyer. They pulled so hard that they broke the rope.

Boyer was left in the tank with the rope broken, the man still clinching the rods and he, himself, well past the danger limit.  Nevertheless, he stayed by the man until he got his fingers pried loose.  Then he tied the rope together, and those above lifted Morris to the opening.  Due to his stiffness, the men above had considerable difficulty getting the unconscious man out. After they had done so, they found Boyer hanging unconscious with a grip on the edge of the lower ring of the dome. They loosened his fingers and drew him out; he came to consciousness one and half hours later.  Morris regained his senses eighteen hours later.  

For this act Boyer received the Carnegie medal for heroism and a thousand dollars.